There is no specific treatment for WNV infection or vaccine to prevent it.
Treatment of severe illnesses includes hospitalization, use of intravenous fluids
and nutrition, respiratory support, prevention of secondary infections, and good
nursing care. Medical care should be sought as soon as possible for persons who
have symptoms suggesting severe illness.
Individuals can reduce their contacts with mosquitoes by taking these actions:
- Avoid outside activity between dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active.
- If you must be outdoors when mosquitoes are active, wear lightweight clothing that
covers your arms and legs and use an insect repellent containing an EPA registered
active ingredient such as DEET, Picaridin or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Always follow
the directions on the label.
- Make sure doors and windows have tight fitting screens and remain closed. Repair
or replace screens that have tears or holes in them.
- Eliminate mosquito-breeding sites around the home by removing standing water in
potted plants, tires, bird baths and other containers where water may collect.
- Ensure that swimming pools and decorative water features are properly maintained.
- Change water in flowerpots, birdbaths and pet watering bowls located outdoors at
least twice per week.
Whenever you use any insecticide or insect repellent, be sure to read and follow
the product directions.